DHARAVI CASE STUDY BBC BITESIZE

In Rio, schemes like this are restricted by the steep surrounding mountains. The authorities in Rio de Janeiro have set up self-help schemes in the favelas. Occasional heavy rains can also lead to flooding, impeding development. So far thirty of Rio’s favelas, including many of the largest, have been pacified since , benefiting a combined population of , This is when residents improve their own home with the support of the local authority. Rocinha is so feared by police that they do not patrol on foot without guns. These areas are illegal and are not catered for by the Government, so there is no electricity, rubbish collection, schools or hospitals.

A problem of rapid rural to urban migration is the development of squatter settlements. The Developing Minds Foundation builds schools and supports education programmes in Rio’s favelas. Residents make all the improvements to their homes themselves. Many large multi-national companies are located here, such as Coca-Cola and Tata Steel. Dharavi could copy the improvement approach, this approach worked in Rocinha, in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, where the residents themselves improved the squatter settlements or ‘favelas’.

Many large multi-national companies are located here, such as Coca-Cola and Tata Steel. While the economic benefits of gbc companies locating in India means wages and job opportunities are increasing in their country, there are also several significant threats of large MNCs setting up in NICs.

Issues in shanty towns Rio de Janeiro The huge volume of people migrating to cities has caused many problems. It may be cold here, nbc nothing like as cold as where they are coming from. Stage one – Armed police units, backed by soldiers and marines, go into favelas to drive out criminal gangs.

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This causes diseases which spread rapidly. Mumbai is an important port city on the northwest coast of India and is the state capital of Maharashtra. Brick houses are built with electricity, running water and sanitation pipes. Overcrowding is a major problem in Rio’s favelas. The system also connects to Rio’s railway network, enabling the people of Complexo do Alemao to get quickly into the city centre, opening up the opportunity of better paid work than is locally available.

Dharavi case study bbc bitesize

Rural investment Funding development and improvements to rural areas may help to improve conditions in the city as well. People may be given legal ownership of the land they live on.

The Developing Minds Foundation builds schools and supports education programmes in Rio’s favelas.

dharavi case study bbc bitesize

Hindustan Coca-Cola Beverages, located in Mumbai, is the largest bottling plant in India out of 24 spread across the country. The government ultimately want to improve existing shanty towns but do not want to encourage more to develop, however, the favelas are eyesores and portray a poor image of the city. Juveniles and females are especially inclined to migrate here, although many males come too. The authorities in Rio de Janeiro have set up self-help schemes in the favelas.

Each year thousands of people move to the city of Mumbai from rural areas. Other facilities like schools, health clinics and recreational areas are bc provided. The Indian government also wants to add basic services, more schools, health centres, shops, better roads and more jobs. Impacts of rapid urbanisation India’s economic changes have caused rapid urbanisation. On average, the population density is about 37, people per square kilometre.

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dharavi case study bbc bitesize

Improving the quality of life and creating greater opportunities in rural areas may prevent people from migrating to urban areas. The local authority sometimes provides residents with materials to construct permanent accommodation.

The government wants to improve existing shanty towns but does not want to encourage more to develop. The squatter settlement is unplanned and has these characteristics: People move to Mumbai because the city has lots of pull factors.

Urbanisation in contrasting cities – WJEC – Revision 4 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize

National 4 Subjects National 4 Subjects up. A law that is curtailing an unchained’s abilityto bbc Good is probably bitesize studies other individuals in the same way, go fishing or hunting. A consequence of such rapid urbanisation is the development of squatter settlements. Teleferico do Alemao cable car. This means those who are unemployed or on very low pay do not benefit.

These areas are illegal and are not catered for by the Government, so there is no electricity, rubbish collection, schools or hospitals. India’s economic changes have caused rapid urbanisation. The cable cars enable residents to get from one end of the favela to the other in just sixteen minutes. In Brazil, squatter settlements have been improved through self-help schemes.