One strength of this study is that it had high ecological validity compared with lab studies which tend to control variables and use student populations as research participants. If any information is not important then it decays or disappears. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Avoid resits and achieve higher grades with the best study guides, textbook notes, and class notes written by your fellow students. When they were asked to remember the words half of the beach learners remained on the beach, the rest had to recall underwater. This is good because this allows researchers to expand on this model.
Examples of how you can score AO3 marks Whether or not theories are supported or refuted by valid research evidence. Both groups had to remember a list of paired words — e. More information can be read and watched here , and here is a radio show on him. Encoding is the way information is changed so that it can be stored in the memory. For example, if someone tells you a joke on Saturday night after a few drinks, you’ll be more likely to remember it when you’re in a similar state – at a later date after a few more drinks. The witness is asked to describe the scene in a different chronological order e. Assignment 1 – HM case summary Use any internet resources that you can find to produce a detailed summary of H.
KF – Shallice and Warrington 1974
Suzanne Corkin, who performed the scan, noted Many structures are extremely acse In other words, it appears that their ability to retain declarative information is impaired. Accessibility depends in large part on retrieval cues. Evidence indicates that retrieval is more likely when the context at encoding matches the context at retrieval.
The other requirement of the command term is to ‘analyse the interrelationships of the issue’.
A-level Psychology Memory Revision for Paper 1 | Simply Psychology
What damage was done? Following an operation to cure him of epilepsy, H. AO3 Analyse, interpret and evaluate a analyse, interpret and evaluate scientific information, ideas and evidence, including in relation to issues, to:. It has now become apparent that both short-term and long-term memory are more complicated that previously thought.
KF had no problem with long-term memory, but his digit span was only two items in others words he could only remember two digits at a time whereas, on average, people remember seven digits in short-term memory.
What methods were used shallce investigate him? An example would be a memory of our 1st day at school. The study also showed that stress levels did not have an effect on memory, contrary to lab findings.
Memory is clearly a crucial part of what it is to be human – imagine trying to live life without it – and it has been extensively studied by psychologists. Participants were shown slides of a car accident involving 19770 number of cars and asked to describe what had happened as if they were eyewitnesses. We can confirm this by finding a patient who can do one skill but not another, and then finding another patient with the opposite problem.
One strength of this study is that it had high ecological validity compared with lab studies which tend to control variables and use student populations as research participants.
When what we already know interferes with what we are currently learning — where old memories disrupt new memories. This clearly has major implications for how widely we can confidently generalise the findings from them.
Information passes from store to store in a linear way.
KF – Shallice and Warrington – Unit 2 – Cognitive psychology – Stuvia
Animal research also raises the issue of extrapolation. Types of cues that have been studied by psychologists include context, state and organisation When acse store a new stusy we also store information about the situation and these are known as retrieval cues. Forgetting is greatest when context and state are very different at encoding and retrieval.
For example, the Working Model of Memory proposed by Baddeley and Hitch showed that short term memory is more than just one simple unitary store and comprises different components e. The best study guides.
They are also greater when people try to remember events having personal relevance. Baddeley and Hitch conducted an experiment in which participants were asked to perform two tasks at the same time dual task technique.
More courses of Psychology – Pearson. Semantic Memory Semantic memory is a part of the long-term memory responsible for storing information about the world.
However, evidence from brain-damaged patients may not be reliable because it concerns unique warrinvton with patients who have had traumatic experiences. Semantic memory is a part of the long-term memory responsible for storing information about the world. You must evaluate the studies you present. One group did this on the beach and the other group underwater.
All participants showed high levels of accuracy, indicating that stress had little effect on accuracy. Read this page on the Simply Psychology site for a good introduction to the model. It is worth stressing some of the key assumptions of the model in order to help you to address the command term of ‘examine’.
Secondly, the majority of research into the role of interference in forgetting has been carried out in a laboratory using lists of words, a situation which is likely to occur fairly infrequently in everyday life i.