Contritionis veritas penas querit et amat, Veniarum autem largitas relaxat et odisse facit, saltem occasione. The pope would do better to give everything away without charge. The pope cannot remit any guilt, except by declaring that it has been remitted by God and by assenting to God’s remission; though, to be sure, he may grant remission in cases reserved to his judgment. Quis scit, si omnes anime in purgatorio velint redimi, sicut de s. This seems to refer to his being free from the scholastic theology which he had argued against earlier that year. In northern and central Europe, reformers like

If the pope does have power to release anyone from Purgatory, why in the name of love does he not abolish Purgatory by letting everyone out? God forgives none his sin without at the same time casting him penitent and humbled before the priest His vicar. Martin Luther Questions the Catholic Church In early 16th-century Europe, some theologians and scholars were beginning to question the teachings of the Roman Catholic Church. Vana est fiducia salutis per literas veniarum, etiam si Commissarius, immo Papa ipse suam animam pro illis impigneraret. This treasure, however, is deservedly most hateful, for it makes the first to be last.

Christians are to be exhorted that they be diligent in following Christ, their Head, through penalties, deaths, and hell. Truly repentant Christians have already, according to Luther, been forgiven of the penalty as well as the guilt of sin. To repress these very telling questions of the laymen by force, and not to solve them by telling the truth, is to expose the Church and the Pope to the enemy’s ridicule and to make Christian people unhappy. Between andLuther studied at the University of Erfurt and at a university in Wittenberg.

It seems as though for the souls in purgatory fear should necessarily decrease and love increase. Help us improve this article! Therefore the treasures of the gospel are nets with which one formerly fished for men of wealth.


Without rashness we say that the keys of the Church are that treasure, given by Christ’s merit. True contrition seeks and loves penalties, but generous pardons only relax penalties and cause them to be hated, or at least, furnish an occasion [for hating them].

Translated by Robert C.

Martin Luther and the 95 Theses

But they ought still more to mark with eyes and ears, that these commissaries do not preach their own fancies instead of what the Pope has commanded. No one is sure that his own luthegs is sincere; much less that he has attained full remission.

luthers 95th thesis

Instead, he entered an Augustinian monastery. Thus, they became a manifesto that turned a protest about an indulgence scandal into the greatest crisis in the history of the Western Christian church.

Blessed be all those prophets who say to the people of Christ, “the cross, the cross,” where there is no cross! Docendi sunt christiani, quod si Papa nosset exactiones venialium predicatorum, mallet Basilicam s. In light of his discouragement with the Church, as Luther studied and lectured on Psalms, Hebrews, and Romans he came to new insights about repentance, salvation, and the role of faith.

luthers 95th thesis

Yet it does not mean lutyers inner repentance; such inner repentance is worthless unless it produces various outward mortification of the flesh.

In the letter, Luther addresses the archbishop out of a loyal desire to alert him to the pastoral problems created by the indulgence sermons.

Luther’s 95 theses

Quilibet christianus vere compunctus habet remissionem plenariam a pena et culpa etiam sine literis veniarum sibi debitam. It is manifest that they are not temporal treasures, for the latter are not lightly spent, but rather gathered by many of lufhers preachers.

Non tamen solam intendit interiorem, immo interior nulla est, nisi foris operetur varias carnis mortificationes. Cur permanent exequie et anniversaria defunctorum et non reddit aut recipi permittit beneficia pro illis instituta, cum iam sit iniuria pro redemptis orare?


This was in reference to the obelisks used to mark heretical passages in texts in the Middle Ages. Peter’s Minster with his own money – lufhers his riches are now more ample than those of Crassus, – rather than with the money of poor Christians?

During the Reformation Jubilee, the centenary of 31 October was celebrated by a procession to the Wittenberg Church where Luther was believed to have posted the Theses.

Christians should be taught that the thesiis does not intend the purchase of pardons to be compared in any way to works of mercy. To repress these arguments and scruples of the laity by force alone, and not to resolve them by giving reasons, is to 95tb the Church and the pope to the ridicule of their enemies, and to make Christians unhappy. Read a summary of the 95 theses ; a listing of the three lughers pointsin the words of Martin Luther.

Views Read Edit View history. The pope has neither the will nor the power to remit any penalties other than those which he has imposed either by his own authority or by that of canon law. After he sent a copy of the theses to Albert of Mainz who sent a copy to Pope LeoLuther continued to write, elaborating thessis the issues raised. Wiley-Blackwell — via Questia. In nomine domini nostri Hiesu Christi.

Luther’s 95 theses – Reformation display – National Library of Scotland

His Road to Reformation — ] lutherz German. In former times canonical penalties were imposed, not after, but before absolution, as tests of true contrition. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted, and if it meets our criteria, we’ll add it to the article.